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中科院院士方精云獲美國生態學會惠特克杰出生態學家獎

文章來源:植物研究所   發布時間:2019-04-17  【字號:     】  

  4月16日,美國生態學會公布2019年度“惠特克杰出生態學家獎”(the Whittaker Distinguished Ecologist Award)獲得者名單,中國科學院院士、中科院植物所學術所長方精云因“在推動生態學發展、服務國家和國際政策制定以及建立生態學共同體方面的杰出貢獻”獲此殊榮。這是我國科學家首次獲得這一獎項。

  評選委員會認為,方精云的工作“發展了羅伯特·惠特克所開拓的多個概念,建立了許多科學嚴謹的新標準——這是在惠特克時代無法達到的”。

  方精云長期從事全球變化生態學、植被生態學與生物多樣性,以及生態遙感等方面的研究工作,取得一系列成果,先后發表論著420余篇,國際論文220余篇,其中在Science、Nature、PNAS上發表論文17篇,國內外引用超過3.5萬次。他在國內最早系統開展了中國陸地生態系統碳循環的研究,系統研究了中國陸地生態系統的碳儲量及變化,構建了中國第一個國家尺度的陸地碳循環框架;發展了大尺度植被動態的研究方法,豐富了區域植被格局和動態變化的理論;系統研究了我國植物多樣性大尺度格局及形成機制,豐富和發展了生物多樣性的有關理論;較為系統地開展了我國植物化學計量學研究,提出了“限制元素穩定性假說”,糾正了學術界長期以來的認識誤區;較為系統評估了我國及世界主要國家的CO2排放趨勢,對氣候變化的若干重要理論和實踐問題進行了分析,為我國應對氣候談判提供了科學依據。

  方精云在開展生態學基礎研究的同時,也非常注重研究和解決國家需求與社會發展中的生態學問題,通過科技政策咨詢、參與政府決策、學科建設等方式,在我國氣候變化談判、草原地區可持續發展、生態文明建設、以及科技評級體系建設、生態學科的建設和發展等方面開展了大量工作,先后向中央提交咨詢報告7份,一些重要咨詢和社會服務工作在學界和政界產生了重要影響。他關于我國及世界主要國家碳排放的系統研究為我國制定氣候變化政策提供了重要科學依據。他與同事們合作,提出的“生態草牧業”理論,在全國多地示范推廣,成為我國農業供給側結構改革的重要抓手。

  美國生態學會成立于1915年,是生態學領域人數最多、國際影響最大的學會。惠特克杰出生態學家獎由美國生態學會設立,旨在紀念享譽國際的杰出生態學家羅伯特·惠特克(Robert Harding Whittaker)。該獎授予對生態學作出杰出貢獻的非美籍生態學家,每年僅有一名生態學家入選,是國際生態學界具有影響力的獎項之一。




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